KENTING ECOLOGY

Golden Birdwing (Troides aeacus)

Golden Birdwing, flying as dazzling as a real bird under the sun, is an endemic species of butterfly found in the low altitude areas of southeast Taiwan. Having once had its population decrease greatly due to the damage to its habitat and illegal captures by human beings, this beautiful species has recovered and can now be found in Kenting National Park, Sheding area and nursery gardens of Kenting National Park Headquarters throughout the year, especially during Spring and Autumn.

 

Camaena Batanica Pancala

On the tree branches in Kenting, numerous wet and shining traces may catch your attention. These are the marks left by Camaena Batanica Pancala, an endemic species of snails in Hengchun Peninsula. Their beautifully mesmerizing brown and white counterclockwise shell patterns enchant us and spark ideas as to the secret behind their slow pace of life. 

 

Megacrania Tsudai

Megacrania Tsudai are one of few insects that can secrete chemical substances, making these stick insect famous for their unique ecology. When encountering a natural enemy, it will, similar to a whale, spurt out a milky white substance that contains Actinidine, known for its prominent mint scent. The Megacrania Tsudai belongs to one of Taiwan’s fifteen rare and valuable species and its distribution is restricted to Kenting and the Green Island.

 

Taiwan Bulbul (Pycnonotus taivanus)

The Taiwan Bulbul is an endemic species of birds in Kenting. Its dark feathers, distinctive “mustache”, and vigorous personality are what makes this species different from other Bulbul birds. Upon breeding season during Autumn and Winter, Taiwan Bulbuls will fly in pairs, allowing visitors travelling to Pingtung to witness their chatter and activities. 

 

Diospyros Philippensis

Diospyros Philippensis, also known as Black Ebony, generates high economic value for the Sheding tribe in Kenting, who are responsible for Taiwan’s largest Diospyros Philippensis Wild Forest. This mysterious forest has a history of 87 years since the Japanese rule in Taiwan. Nowadays, visitors can see herds of deer chasing and playing in the Formosan Sika Deer Restoration Area and observe closely the large-leafed Banyan tree so large that it requires 10 people to encircle its base.

 

Indian Barringtonia (Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz)

Originated from the Philippines, the Indian Barringtonia made its way across the sea and chose to blossom in the cool summer nights in Southern Taiwan. From nightfall to the early morning, it gradually blossoms small pink flowers and therefore is also known as the “Queen of Night Flowers”. This night blossoming flower of Kenting also makes the nights of southern Taiwan far more beautiful than mornings in the hot summertime.

 

Fluorescent Mushroom

After the summer rain, hidden within the bamboo forests lie the fluorescent mushrooms. These mushrooms use their fluorescent hyphae to attract the consumption of nocturnal animals, in order to spread their spores and maximize their survival. Walking through the forest at night is like roaming through a star scattered ground, mysterious and attractive.

 

Fireflies

Fireflies can only survive in areas of clean and less urbanized environment. In the mating season, both male and female fireflies will make their tail glow. Their glowing tails are just like flying lanterns at night. In addition to Sheding Nature Park in Kenting, this special ecological phenomenon of fireflies in autumn can also be found everywhere by Lanren River and at Manzhou.

 

Formosan Rock Macaque (Macaca cyclopis)

Formosan rock macaques, a Taiwan endemic species, belong to diurnal and social animals. They can usually be found in low altitude mountain areas, and Hengchun and Kenting are two of them. In the garden of GLORIA MANOR, sometimes you may see them picking up and eating falling fruits from trees and bring a smile to your face.

 

Gray-faced Buzzard Eagle (Butastur indicus)

The fierce gray-faced buzzard eagle belongs to a species of migratory birds. The gray-faced buzzard eagle usually arrives in Taiwan in mid September each year. As its arrival time is around the National Day of Taiwan and it is also called “bird of national day”. The Ling-Xiao Pavilion inside Sheding Nature Park is the best place to observe the gray-faced buzzard eagle. Large flocks of birds flying up and down to follow the airstream are just spectacular.

 

Formosan Sika Deer

Due to the damage of its habitats and hunting by humans, the number of Formosan sika deer has decreased gradually. Since 1984, the Kenting National Park has started a project of sika deer recovery. At present, the east side of Sheding Nature Park is reserved as the area for sika deer recovery. Near the Long-Zi-Pu Grasslands, there are also flocks of sika deer released into the wild after recovery. Visitors are suggested to participate in Sika Deer Tours organized by the Sheding tribe to observe their adorable and charming movements.

 

Land Crabs

Kenting has 30 species of land crab in six families. No matter their species or number of diversity, land crabs here can be said to be world No. 1. Each summer, land crabs have to go across the Ping-E Highway to the seashore for laying their eggs. However, when crossing the highway, they are usually killed by vehicles passing by. In view of this, Kenting National Park Headquarters closes part of the highway during the breeding season (around the full moon between July and September of the lunar calendar), so that more land crabs can go back to the seashore to lay eggs and more people can observe their efforts to multiply for survival.